Where can I find out more?

This section is to complement the 2020 Director of Public Health Annual Report, providing links to further information. It is set out against the sections of the main report for ease of use.

Setting the Scene

1. Inequalities

NHS England provides practical examples of how local systems have taken action to help reduce health inequalities:
GOV.UK: Health Equity:
Health inequalities: place-based approaches to reduce inequalities:
The King’s Fund – What are health inequalities?

Impact on communities

2. Employment

HMRC data about the coronavirus job retention scheme, the self-employment income support scheme, and the VAT payments deferral scheme:
Report; Some implications for employment and working life (COVID-19):

3. Children and Young People

Children’s Commissioner (2020)

Public Health England (2020); Child and Maternal Health Profiles:


Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (2020); COVID-19 – summaries of key findings on children and young people’s views:


Association of Directors of Children’s Services (2020); Building a country that works for all children post COVID-19:


4. Safeguarding

Home Affairs Select Committee (2020);  Home office preparedness for COVID-19 (coronavirus): domestic abuse and risks of harm within the home
Social Care Institute for Excellence (2020); Impact of easing COVID-19 lockdown restrictions on domestic violence and abuse – this includes a series of links to other guidance documents for professionals to support victims of abuse
Social Care Institute for Excellence (2020); Safeguarding and COVID-19

5. Mental Health

Royal College of Psychiatrists (RCP) have their own guidance on responding to large-scale traumatic events and acts of terrorism and evidence-based recommendations for mitigating the psychological impact of traumatic incidents.
https://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/pdf/ps03_2016.pdf Information is available both for individuals and as an organisational position statement.
PHE Fingertips – common mental health disorders profile provides statistical information on prevalence and treatment by clinical commissioning group area
National Institute For Health And Care Excellence (NICE) Guideline NG116 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

6. Environmental Impact

Health Matters: air pollution – PHE’s summary of the health impact that air pollution can have throughout a person’s life and its relationship with health inequalities.
Healthy Streets tools designed to help with assessing areas and thinking about how street environment can be improved to promote walking and cycling
Public Health England’s review of interventions to improve air quality and public health
Clean Air Day promotes understanding of air pollution, its effect on health and what individuals can do to reduce air pollution and protect their health

What will help?

7. Engaging with communities

The Association for Research in the Voluntary and Community sector (ARVAC) Community Research Toolkit provides an overview of the research process and resources to plan a well-designed piece of research
UNDP Guidance for governments, United Nations agencies, NGOs, the private sector and other stakeholders on how to engage communities in the recovery process.

8. Resilience and social cohesion

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) framework for community resilience provides a foundation for programmes, projects, interventions and actions will contribute to the strengthening of resilient communities
An overview of the Public Health England’s healthy communities team research into building resilient, connected and empowered communities as a way of improving the health of the population.
Public Health England (PHE)’s review of the disparities in risk and outcomes from COVID-19 between people from different ethnic groups.
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Overview of Social Capital
The Build Back Better (BBB) tool includes a focus on community recovery and how activities and support groups can be used to bring the community together and build social cohesion.
The Prevention Institute’s tool for “taking action” with the Tool for Health and Resilience in Vulnerable Environments (THRIVE) includes strategies for building social networks and trust

How will we know it’s working?

9. Building on assets and reshaping society

The Health Foundation – Three projects that have successfully spread virtual consultations
The Global Mayors covid-19 Recovery Taskforce looks to rebuild our cities and economies in a way that improves public health, reduces inequalities and addresses the climate crisis:

10.     Measuring progress

COVID-19 public monitor contains a collection of information about attitudes and opinions towards the COVID-19 pandemic
General information about the numbers of covid-19 cases and deaths can be found here:
GOV.UK – Coronavirus (COVID-19) in the UK:
Office for National Statistics – Coronavirus (COVID 19):